Gender research on social movements in the 1960s and 1970s has often focused on the women’s liberation movement. This article focuses on the radical left social movement during the same period. It shows that the production of political ideology is closely related to the production of masculinity. Two debates of major importance for the Swedish radical left during the 1960s and 1970s are analysed: first a debate about revolution versus reformism, then a debate that focuses on the conflict between the ‘private’ and the ‘political’. In these debates it can be observed how masculinity was constructed in intersection with class and political ideology. Clearly, it was difficult to challenge existing masculinity discourses. In the radical left the masculinity ideal was based on conflict, confrontation and struggle; in order to be a ‘real revolutionary’ you had to internalise these ideals.
masculinity, class, intersectionality, social movements, radical left, the new left, gender